An examination of socrates and his works

It consists of three parts: Despite its atypical form, the Apology is clearly important for understanding the significance of Socrates for Plato, and it has been remarked frequently that through him the work functions virtually as a foundation myth for the Western philosophical tradition. The Apology is alluded to frequently in the Platonic dialogues.

An examination of socrates and his works

In this way Plato lets us know that he was an eyewitness of the trial and therefore in the best possible position to write about it. The other account we have of the trial, that of Xenophona contemporary of Socrates, is of a very different character. We know that Xenophon was not present as a live witness.

Trial of Socrates - Wikipedia And what I said before, how much hatred there is against me and from many people, you well know what is the truth. And this is what will convict me, if I am convicted, not Meletus nor Anytus, but the prejudice and envy of many.
Academic Tools The rule of law means that it is not left to the discretion of those in executive power to decide what actions to approve and what actions to condemn.
Browse By Author: P - Project Gutenberg Socratic method Perhaps his most important contribution to Western thought is his dialectic method of inquiry, known as the Socratic method or method of "elenchus", which he largely applied to the examination of key moral concepts such as the Good and Justice.
Socrates: Early Years The Historical Socrates i.
The extant sources agree that Socrates was profoundly ugly, resembling a satyr more than a man—and resembling not at all the statues that turned up later in ancient times and now grace Internet sites and the covers of books.

Of greater importance is the fact that the two Apologys agree in many details. They agree about what the charges against Socrates were: There is no reason to suppose that Xenophon had learned of these aspects of the trial from Plato.

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His agreement with Plato about these matters assures us that they are not fabrications. It would not have been impossible for Plato to have managed such a feat by taking extensive notes, comparing his memory with that of others, and gradually perfecting a rendition that aimed at replicating the original as closely as possible.

Unfortunately, there is no way to prove that Plato was striving to achieve this kind and degree of accuracy.

Some scholars, in fact, have argued that Plato was engaged in a much different project: But this hypothesis is just as speculative as the supposition that Plato strove to record as accurately as possible the actual speech of Socrates.

An examination of socrates and his works

We cannot eliminate the possibility that some parts of the speech Plato wrote were not actually delivered at the trial or were expressed rather differently. One of them, no doubt, was to defend and praise Socrates by making use of many of the points Socrates himself had offered in his speech. But, as any reader of the work can see, Plato is at the same time using the trial and death of Socrates to condemn Athensto call upon his readers to reject the conventional life that Athens would have preferred Socrates to lead, and to choose instead the life of a Socratic philosopher.

Socrates | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

In the 4th century bce Athens had no norm of accurate reportage or faithful biography, and so Plato would have felt free to shape his material in whatever way suited his multiple aims. Because it was Socrates he wished to praise, he had no choice but to make the Socrates of the Apology close to the original.

But he would not have felt bound merely to reproduce, as best he could, the speech that Socrates delivered. Surely the last thing Plato would have wanted his readers to do with the Apology is to ignore its philosophical, religious, and political dimensions in order to concentrate solely on its accuracy as a piece of historical reportage.His depiction of Socrates is found principally in four works: Apology—in which Socrates gives a defense of his life before his jurors—Memorabilia—in which Xenophon himself explicates the charges against Socrates and tries to defend him—Symposium—a conversation between Socrates and his friends at a drinking party—and Oeconomicus—a Socratic discourse on estate management.

Socrates (— B.C.E.).

The Internet Classics Archive | Apology by Plato

Socrates is one of the few individuals whom one could say has so-shaped the cultural and intellectual development of the world that, . Introduction. The Apology of Socrates takes its name from Plato’s version of the defense speech (Greek, apologia) given by Socrates at his date of its composition is unknown, but the work is generally believed to have been composed after the publication of Polycrates’s Accusation of Socrates (c.

) but before Plato’s first voyage to Sicily (). Plato: Phaedo The Phaedo is one of the most widely read dialogues written by the ancient Greek philosopher Plato.

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It claims to recount the events and conversations that occurred on the day that Plato’s teacher, Socrates ( B.C.E.), was put to death by the state of Athens. BECK index WISDOM OF GREECE, ISRAEL, ROME Contents Introduction to Plato's Apology.

The trial of Socrates occurred in spring of the year BC. He was judged by a jury of Athenian men. Confucius and Socrates Contents BECK index SOCRATES Content and Topics (Continued) Traditional Subjects Politics Virtue Desires and Self-control Courage.

Socrates (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)