Payoffs associated with each strategy[ edit ] In deciding which strategy to use, the speaker runs through the individual payoffs of each strategy. Negative politeness Helps avoid future debt by keeping social distance and not getting too familiar with H pays respect or deference by assuming that you may be intruding on the hearer in return for the face-threatening act. S avoids offending H at all S also fails to achieve his desired communication An example might be a physician avoiding bringing up the need for a patient to lose weight. Although everyone has face wants, there are different ways strategies they use to accomplish these wants or mitigate face threats based on their culture.
A forum for users of any of my texts but really for anyone interested in interpersonal communication, the fundamentals of human communication, and public speaking. Politeness and Face When you hear the word politeness, you probably think of the rules of etiquette—the rules for dining, for sending and answering invitations, for giving and receiving gifts, for proper dress for an interview or party, and so on.
And these certainly are a part of politeness. Some Universals in Language. These authors identify two types of politeness: Both of these forms of politeness are responsive to two needs that each person has: Politeness, then, refers to behavior that allows others to maintain both positive and negative face.
Generally collectivist cultures are thought to be more concerned with face than individualist cultures. And cultures also vary in the types of messages that are likely to attack face and in the responses they see as appropriate to face-threatening acts.
In short you treat the person as you would want to be treated. In this way you allow the person to maintain positive face through what is called positive politeness.
Dissing a message of disrespect is a good example of positive face attack. Of course, we do this almost automatically.
You attack negative face when you demand a favor rather than request it. Understanding Mothers and Daughters in Conversation,Random House —attacks negative face by criticizing or challenging your autonomy.
This comment also attacks positive face by questioning criticizing your ability to dress properly.
Your own interpersonal behavior is designed to maintain both your positive and your negative face. At the same time, you want to do what you want to do you want to sleep late and not make breakfast for your partner, for example —that is, you want to maintain negative face your autonomy.
As you can see from just these examples, satisfying your positive and your negative face needs that is, maintaining both positive and negative face is not always easy. If you stay in bed instead of making breakfast, you protect your negative face but damage your positive face.
These are the people who give you space and independence satisfying your negative face needs and who also positively reinforce and confirm your positive face behaviors, for example, they appreciate your help, your support, your friendliness.
These are the people who do not violate or threaten your positive or your negative face needs. The person who is overly-critical or who makes you look bad is likely to be avoided because this is a threat to your positive face as is the person who is overly demanding and thus interferes with your independence and autonomy because this is a threat to your negative face.
Of course not all FTAs are equal. Some are mild threats and some are more severe.The Four Faces of Face. Face-Restoration or Self Negative-Face is the need to give oneself freedom and space and to protect self from other’s infringement on one’s autonomy.
Face-Saving or Other Negative-Face is the need to signal respect for the other person’s need for . Autonomous And Positive Face. POSITIVE AND NEGARTIVE FACE When we attempt to save another’s face, we can pay attention to their negative face wants or their positive face wants.
A person’s negative face is the need to be independent, to have freedom of . Supporting an autonomous and positive face can be challenging. There are times when an autonomous and positive face can create timberdesignmag.come an example of a time that this has happened to you or someone you know in your professional and personal experience.
Politeness theory accounts for the redressing of affronts to a person's 'face' by face-threatening acts. The concept of face was derived from Chinese into English in the 19th century.  Erving Goffman would then go on to introduce the concept into academia through his theories of 'face' and ' facework '.
Supporting an autonomous and positive face can be challenging. There are times when an autonomous and positive face can create conflict. Provide an example of a time that this has happened to you or someone you know in .
Whereas positive face involves a desire for connection with others, negative face needs include autonomy and independence. Ten years later, Brown characterized positive face by desires to be liked, admired, ratified, and related to positively, noting that one would threaten positive face .