The essay did not fit your needs? You can order an essay on any topic Order a new paper Children of Conflict: Afghanistan At the crowded town of Kabul there is an increasing population of about six million kids who dropped out from school to work and encourage their families. These kids over work themselves daily to earn 10 cents per plastic bag, running between cars following pedestrians.
Afghanistan Events of An Afghan security force member stands at the site of a car bomb attack in Kabul on May 31, At least 90 people were killed or wounded on May 31 as a massive blast ripped through Kabul's diplomatic quarter, shattering the morning rush hour and bringing carnage to the streets of the Afghan capital.
A number of particularly deadly suicide attacks in urban areas, some claimed by ISKP, killed and wounded more than 2, people across the country.
Civilian casualties caused by government forces during ground fighting declined; however, US forces expanded their use of airstrikes, including drones, in military operations, causing increased civilian casualties. War crimes suspect Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, one of several political figures accused of shelling Kabul during the s, returned to Kabul as part of a peace deal with the government; clashes between his militia forces and rivals killed at least 20 civilians.
Both the Taliban and ANSF used schools for military purposes, which, together with countrywide insecurity, deprived many children, especially girls, of access to education.
The government made some progress in adopting legislation to curb torture, but failed to prosecute serious offenders. Only a fraction of the reported cases of violence against women resulted in prosecutions. The government announced Children of conflict in afghanistan essay district council and parliamentary elections would be held in Julythree years behind schedule.
However, political infighting and security concerns threatened to delay the vote. Armed Conflict The United Nations Assistance Mission to Afghanistan UNAMA documented 2, war-related civilian deaths and 5, injuries in the first nine months ofa slight decrease over the same period in Civilian deaths and injuries by pro-government forces and their allies during ground engagements declined; however, those from aerial operations by government and international forces increased by 52 percent to deaths and injured.
Insurgent attacks in major cities caused hundreds of civilian deaths and injuries. In that attack, insurgents reportedly dressed as doctors shot dead patients in their beds. The May 31 truck bomb that killed at least 92 and wounded more than was the deadliest such attack ever in Kabul.
Suicide attackers targeted Shia mosques in Kabul and Herat, killing more than According to UNAMA, the Taliban separated women and children from men, and shot dead at least nine ALP and other pro-government militia members, along with 27 male civilians; among them were four boys ages 13 to 17, and 13 men over They also killed one woman as she was trying to flee.
The number of internally displaced persons IDPs who fled from their homes due to the conflict surged as fighting intensified. More thanwere displaced in the first 10 months ofbringing the nationwide total to at least 1. Attacks on civilians contributed to depression and other mental disabilities; Afghanistan has few community-based mental health services to provide treatment.
Registered cases represent only a fraction of the actual crimes of violence against women.
A long-standing effort to reform family law, including divorce provisions, remained stalled. On March 4, the revised penal code was adopted by presidential decree. It incorporated all the provisions of the EVAW law, while strengthening the definition of rape.
However, because a number of conservative members of parliament have opposed the EVAW law, some activists campaigned to preserve the law in its stand-alone form decreed in The controversial reversal has left the status of the law in limbo.
The Kabul Process peace talks in June included only two women among 47 government and international representatives. Deaths and injuries among women in the conflict increased sharply inwith deaths and injured in the first nine months of the year.
Most occurred as a result of suicide bombings and aerial attacks. The report singled out the Kandahar police for torturing 91 percent of detainees by forcibly pumping water into their stomachs, crushing their testicles with clamps, suffocating them to the point of losing consciousness, and applying electric current to their genitals.
In a significant sign of progress in curbing torture, the government in March enacted anti-torture legislation, as part of the new penal code.
The law left out a compensation system for victims of torture by state security forces, but in August the cabinet approved an annex to provide for victim redress. Although the Afghan Constitution prohibits torture, the new provisions expand the definition in conformity with the UN Convention Against Torture, and create a new monitoring body, the Commission Against Torture; however, as of December it was not clear whether this would include staff from the AIHRC.
The government did not prosecute any senior officials accused of torture. As of Decembernone was in custody. In Afghanistan, same-sex relations are punishable by 5 to 15 years in prison under a law that bans all sex between individuals not married to each other.
Freedom of Expression The year looked likely to surpass as the bloodiest since for Afghan journalists, with 10 killed in the first six months of the year, most of them victims of insurgent bombing attacks.
Since January, the Afghan Journalists Safety Committee AJSC recorded 73 cases of violence and threats against journalists, including deaths, detentions, beatings, and intimidation. Government officials and security personnel were responsible for slightly more than half of the cases; insurgent groups were responsible for the deaths of 10 journalists in suicide attacks in Kabul and Khost.
Protests, Excessive Use of Force, and Restrictions on Freedom of Assembly On June 2, civil society groups, political activists, and relatives of victims of the May 31 truck bomb attack converged in central Kabul to protest deteriorating security conditions. Some participants threw stones at police, and the group included some armed men among the crowd.There is no immediate end in sight to the Afghanistan conflict, and its complex issues and lack of stable governance mean that new conflicts will continue to rise.
However, there is a small but steady increase in the number of groups working towards building civil society on a local level and mediating conflicts.
Overview of Afghanistan's Woes Essay - Afghanistan is classified as the as the fifth least developed country in the world, by the UN global human development index which ranks each country by their citizens income, life expectancy and the populations literacy rate, National Human Development Report (NHDR) for Children of Conflict in Afghanistan - Children of Conflict: Afghanistan In the crowded city of Kabul there is a growing population of about six million children who dropped out of school to work and support their families.
These children over work themselves every day to earn 10 cents per plastic bag, running between cars after pedestrians. Afghanistan is currently synonymous with war because of the division between the people within the country. Another cultural aspect we struggle to grapple with is the treatment of women in the country—the kind of treatment we condemn as a western society.
Islamic religion. The dominant religion practiced in Afghanistan is Islam. However, the US has not listed Afghanistan under the CSPA, arguing that the police are not a formal part of Afghanistan’s armed forces, despite their role in the conflict.
The detention and abuse of children suspected of involvement with the Taliban is also a major concern. Armed Conflict The United Nations Assistance Mission to Afghanistan (UNAMA) documented 2, war-related civilian deaths and 5, injuries in the first nine months of , a slight decrease over.