The Agency then embodied this concept in an Environmental Technology Initiative project, which led to the President's Council on Sustainable Development adopting EIPs as demonstration projects in
History[ edit ] Since the early s the idea of EID evolved from biological symbiosis. This concept was adapted by industrial ecologists in the search for innovative approaches to solve problems of waste, energy shortage and degradation of the environment. A continuous approach towards improving both environmental and economic outcomes is used.
Although non-binding, the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development laid out 27 principles that shall guide the increasing inter-connectedness of development cooperation and sustainability.
The recently elected Clinton administration installed a summit of business, labor, government and environmental protection representatives to further develop the approach.
This summit established the idea of eco-industrial parks but soon realized that at first a more efficient management of raw materials, energy and waste has to be achieved.
Herein, the notion of industry not only relates to private-sector manufacturing but also covers state-owned enterprise, the service sector as well as transportation. Resource efficiency minimizes the use of energy, materials, water and transportation. This, in turn, lowers production costs due to savings in virtually all areas of business.
Renewables in both energy and material use shall eliminate all pollution through fossil fuels. Greening of buildings or production sites installs high energy and environmental standards by relying on innovation in green architecture or engineering. Moreover, new facility and infrastructure design may also enhance the quality of life in neighboring communities significantly.
Environmental management systems such as the ISO ensure a continuous improvement through regular audits and the progressing establishment of environmental targets. Ecological site planning can then combine each of these aspects by developing a clear understanding of air, water and ground system capacities throughout the surrounding eco-system.
Eco-industrial development hence explores the possibility of improvement at the local level. In contrast to the widespread race for top-down governmental support such as tax cuts, EID emphasizes locally achievable success and rooms for improvement. As a result, purposeful enforcements of action plans can make a large difference by optimizing the interaction of business, community and ecological systems.
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April Learn how and when to remove this template message Eco-industrial development includes and employs four major conceptual instruments. Each of the approaches intends to combine the seemingly antithetic processes of industrial development and bolstering sustainability.
Industrial Ecology focuses on both industrial as well as consumer behavior. By assessing flows of energy and material, the approach determines the flows influences on the environment.
In turn, it explores ways and means of optimizing the whole production chain from flow and use of resources to their final transformation. During these analyses, influences of economic, political, regulatory and social factors are key. The concept of Industrial Symbiosis is based on mainly voluntary cooperation of different industries.
By conglomerating complementary enterprises and by then adapting their respective production chains, the presence of each may increase viability and profitability of the others. Therefore, symbioses consider resource scarcity and environmental protection as crucial factors in developing sustainable industries and profits.
Industrial Symbiosis often becomes manifest in Eco-industrial parks. Environmental Management Systems include a wide range of different environmental management approaches in order to ensure continual improvement in sustainability.
In early stages, monitoring companies facilitates the identification of hazardous environmental aspects. Further on, objectives and targets are set under consideration of legal requirements. Finally, the establishment of regular audits and other reporting systems combined with continuous follow-up targets shall ensure a constant improvement towards greener industrial production.
The Design for the Environment concept originated in engineering disciplines as well as from the product life-cycle analysis.Communities and businesses that create eco-industrial parks will have a foundation for industrial development that is more competitive, more efficient, and cleaner than traditional industrial parks.
In addition, new business niches will be opened for recruitment or incubation of new companies. It's important to know how your clothes are made, but also what they are made with. So what does someone do who is looking to shop consciously and fashionably?
Here are examples of the most eco.
Environmental Parks The City of Miami Parks and Recreation Department has a number of environmental projects that focus on restoration, conservation and preservation. Simpson Park is the oldest nature park within the City of Miami limits.
Alberta Environment and Parks (AEP) protects the province's air, land, water and biodiversity. AEP works in areas including conservation, climate change, wildfire, endangered species, pollution, recreation, wildlife and natural resources.
The AEP website includes maps, lists of . The Parks Eco Pass, introduced in , is a comprehensive, centralised licensing system for commercial recreation and tour operators that includes a . For example, between and Hartford, Connecticut, quadrupled the number of downtown parking places in an attempt to compete with suburban office parks, yet during that time its center lost more than 60% of its residents and thousands of jobs.