Black Nationalist Leader As a leader, Nelson Mandela can be compared to radical reformers Mahatma Gandhi, Garibaldi and Lenin who waged life-long struggles for freedom and emancipation of their people. He led the struggle against apartheid — the inhuman practice of racial discrimination followed by white ruler in South Africa.
The government responded by tightening security, allegedly ordering attacks on suspected PWG members by state police and the "Green Tigers".
Police forces continued to have virtual impunity for the killing of PWG rebels during police encounters. The Maoist Communist Center rebels intensified their armed campaign against Indian security forces following the killing of their leader by police in December.
An estimated people were killed in fighting between the PWG and government forces throughout the year. According to government reports, people have died during the conflict that year.
An October assassination attempt on Chief Minister N.
According to independent media reports, as many as people were killed in the conflict this year, half of these Maoist rebels. Attacks on police and TDP party officials, believed to be carried out by the PWG, accounted for most major incidents and deaths.
A three-month cease-fire, announced in late Essay about naxalism, led to failed negotiations between the government and the PWG. A few days into the cease-fire, an attack attributed to the PWG placed the cease-fire in jeopardy.
More than people were killed in sporadic, low-intensity fighting, a reduction from previous years. Most victims were members of the police forces or the Telugu Desam Party a regional political party.
Rebels continued to employ a wide range of low-intensity guerrilla tactics against government institutions, officials, security forces and paramilitary groups.
For the first time in recent years, Maoist rebels launched two large scale attacks against urban government targets. More than people were reported killed this year in violent clashes.
Over one-third of those killed were civilians. Civilians were also affected in landmine attacks affecting railway cars and truck convoys. Clashes between state police and rebels also resulted in deaths of members of both parties, and civilians that were caught in the firing.
Fighting differs from state to state, depending on security and police force responses. In the state of Andhra Pradesh, security forces have been somewhat successful in maintaining control and combating Maoist rebels. The other state that is most affected, Chhattisgarh, has seen an increase in violence between Maoist rebels and villagers who are supported by the government.
Into people were estimated killed, fewer than half Naxalites, and approximately one-third civilians. The majority of hostilities took place in Chhattisgarh, which turned especially deadly when over Naxalites attacked a Chhattisgarh police station, seizing arms and killing dozens.
Civilians were forced to choose between joining the Maoist insurgence or supporting the Salwa Judum and face coercion from both sides.
According to news reports, this conflict resulted in deaths during ; of these were civilians, security personnel and militants. Of the 16 states touched by this conflict, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand were the most affected.
One positive note for Chhattisgarh was that fatalities, although still high, were significantly down from Similarly, Andhra Pradesh, the state with the most Maoist activity a few years ago, has improved security with a corresponding drop in fatality rates.
Unfortunately, as conditions have improved in Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh, the Maoist forces seem to have shifted their operations to the state of Orissa where conditions have worsened.ESSAY STRATEGY By Anudeep Durishetty, UPSC Civil Services Exam Topper, All India Rank – 1 CSE – How to write a good Essay in UPSC Mains, Explained.
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The term Naxalism derives its name from the village Naxalbari of West Bengal. It is originated as rebellion against local landlords who bashed a peasant over a land dispute. This rebellion was.