It is also the first day of the Zoroastrian Khorshidi solar year. As winter gives way to spring, as darkness gives way to light, and as dormant plants burst into blossom, Nowruz is a time of renewal, hope and joy.
Etymology[ edit ] The term Nowruz is a Persian compound word, consisting of the words now and ruz. The original meaning of the word, however, was "light".
While the eastern dialects have preserved the diphthong nau IPA: Spelling variations[ edit ] A variety of spelling variations for the word Nowruz exist in English-language usage. Random House unabridged provides the spelling Nowruz.
The Iranian festivals such as Mehrgan autumnal equinoxTirganand the eve of Chelle ye Zemestan winter solstice also had an origin in the Sun god Surya. Among other ideas, Zoroastrianism is the first monotheistic religion that emphasizes broad concepts such as the corresponding work of good and evil in the world, and the connection of humans to nature.
Zoroastrian practices were dominant for much of the history of ancient Iran. In Zoroastrianism, the seven most important Zoroastrian festivals are the six Gahambar festivals and Nowruz, which occurs at the spring equinox.
According to Mary Boyce "It seems a reasonable surmise that Nowruz, the holiest of them all, with deep doctrinal significance, was founded by Zoroaster himself"; although there is no clear date of origin. This and the Gahambars are the only festivals named in the surviving text of the Avesta.
Besides the Iranian calendar, various festivals of Greeks, Jews, Arabs, Sabians, and other nations are mentioned in the book.
According to him, "It is the belief of the Iranians that Nowruz marks the first day when the universe started its motion. It has been suggested that the famous Persepolis complex, or at least the palace of Apadana and the Hundred Columns Hall, were built for the specific purpose of celebrating a feast related to Nowruz.
Although there may be no mention of the term Nowruz in recorded Achaemenid inscriptions,  there is a detailed account by Xenophon of a Nowruz celebration taking place in Persepolis and the continuity of this festival in the Achaemenid tradition.
The Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics notes that the Purim holiday is based on a lunar calendarwhile Nowruz occurs at the spring equinox solar calendar. The two holidays are therefore celebrated on different dates but within a few weeks of each other, depending on the year.
Given their temporal associations, it is possible that the Jews and Iranians of the time may have shared or adopted similar customs for these holidays.
There are specific references to the celebration of Nowruz during the reign of Vologases I 51—78 CEbut these include no details. During the reign of the Parthian dynasty, the spring festival was Mehrgana Zoroastrian and Iranian festival celebrated in honor of Mithra.
Under the Sassanid emperors, Nowruz was celebrated as the most important day of the year. Most royal traditions of Nowruz, such as royal audiences with the public, cash gifts, and the pardoning of prisoners, were established during the Sassanid era and persisted unchanged until modern times.
After the Muslim conquest[ edit ] Nowruz, along with Sadeh celebrated in mid-wintersurvived in society after the Muslim conquest of Iran in CE. Other celebrations such the Gahambars and Mehrgan were eventually side-lined or were only followed by the Zoroastrians who carried them.
It was adopted as the main royal holiday during the Abbasid period. In the book Nowruznama "Book of the New Year", which is attributed to Omar Khayyam a well known Persian poet and mathematiciana vivid description of the celebration in the courts of the kings of Iran is provided: In the language of Iran, he would then glorify God and praise the monarch.Mar 19, · Iranians prepared for Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in Tehran last week.
Credit Credit Abedin Taherkenareh/EPA, via Shutterstock Being an immigrant from Iran has never been a cakewalk. the New Year for many Persian and Central Asian communities. The exact beginning of the New Year occurs when the season changes from winter to spring on the vernal equinox, which usually happens on 20 or 21 March each.
Every year, on the first day of the year, which is the first new moon of the year, the beast would awaken and descend upon the village.
The Vietnamese lunar New Year festival, Tet Nguyen Dan, is the most significant holiday taking place within the first three days of the New Year. May 23, · The Persian New Year, also known as “Norouz” is the first day of spring and the beginning of the Iranian year.
“Norouz”, means new day. Norouz is celebrated by some communities on March 21st and by others on the first day of the start of spring . Norooz: Persian New Year Words | 8 Pages. In harmony with the rebirth of nature, the Iranian New Year Celebration, or NORUZ (norooz), always begins on the first day of spring.
norooz ceremonies are symbolic representations of two ancient concepts - the End and the Rebirth; or Good and Evil. The first day of the spring season marks the Persian New Year, also known as Nowruz -- that is a combination of two Persian words: no, which means "new," and rouz, which means "day." Together they.