Famine in ethiopia essay

To begin tackling the economically challenged issues of Ethiopia, the country needs to make more foreign relationships that will provide the country with more foreign aid. The US has been providing large sums of money to the country however, it is evident that it is not enough. The government of Ethiopia needs to stabilise itself as well as the country by coming up with strategies of using the money received efficiently and for the correct purposes. The main priority for the mission to have a stable economy is to think about the long-term future.

Famine in ethiopia essay

See Article History Famine, severe and prolonged hunger in a substantial proportion of the population of a region or country, resulting in widespread and acute malnutrition and death by starvation and disease.

Famines usually last for a limited time, ranging from a few months to a few years. They cannot continue indefinitely, if for no other reason than that the affected population would eventually be decimated. Conditions associated with famine Famines, like wars and epidemicshave occurred from ancient times, achieving biblical proportions not only in biblical times but throughout history.

Examples from the Famine in ethiopia essay century include the Chinese famine of —61, which resulted in 15—30 million deaths, the Ethiopian famine of —85, which caused approximately 1 million deaths but affected more than 8 million people, and the North Korean famine of roughly —99, which killed an estimated 2.

Many famines are precipitated by natural causes, such as droughtflooding, Famine in ethiopia essay cold, typhoons, vermin depredations, insect infestations, and plant diseases such as the blight that caused the Great Famine in Ireland — Although natural factors played a role in most European famines of the Middle Agestheir chief causes were feudal social systems structured upon lords and vassals and population growth, which extended many common food shortages into malnutrition, widespread disease, and starvation.

Medieval Britain was afflicted by numerous famines, and France suffered the effects of 75 or more in the same period.

Nor was Russia spared; someRussians died of starvation in The most common human cause of famine is warfare.

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In addition to destroying crops and food supplies, warfare disrupts the distribution of food through the strategic use of siege and blockade tactics and through the incidental destruction of transportation routes and vehicles.

The famines that plagued eastern Europe between andfor example, were chiefly the result of human rather than natural causes, as the warring countries of the region interfered with and often prevented the production and distribution of basic foodstuffs.

The deliberate destruction of crops and food supplies became a common tactic of war in the 19th century, employed by both attacking and defending armies. But they are not totally unknown to prosperous industrialized countries. In —45, for instance, a famine struck the Netherlands with ferocity.

Over the course of centuries, rulers and governments have managed, mismanaged, documented, and analyzed famines in numerous ways.

Historical responses to famine

An early concern with famines appears in an ancient Indian treatise on statecraft, the Artha-shastraby the Hindu statesman and philosopher Kautilya. The highly detailed Indian Famine Code of classified situations of food scarcity according to a scale of intensity, and it laid out a series of steps that governments were obligated to take in the event of a famine.

Despite the development of many detailed antifamine programs, famines have persisted. One reason for this is that until the s the underlying causes of most famines were poorly understood. Despite some awareness to the contrary through the ages, there has been an overwhelming tendency to think that famines are primarily caused by a decline in food production.

The result has been that famines that are not accompanied by such shortages are usually not recognized as famines until well after they have occurred.

Famine in ethiopia essay

Entitlement failure In the late 20th century the work of the Indian economist Amartya Sen led to a major reorientation in the study of famines. An entitlement is a collection of alternative bundles of goods and services from which the person in question is free to choose.

A resident of a homeless shelter, for example, may have an entitlement consisting of exactly one bundle: But a cotton farmer, who grows sack-loads of cotton each year, can keep the cotton or sell it and buy various combinations of other goods.

Famine in Ethiopia Essay

All these options constitute his particular entitlement. These examples demonstrate how some segments of the population can perish because of hunger despite there being no overall shortfall in food production.

If, because of an international glut, the price of cotton collapses in a given year, a village of cotton growers can suddenly find that their entitlements of food have failed, and they can face starvation.

A good example of an entitlement-based famine without a commensurate shortfall in food production is the Bengal famine ofwhich happens to be one of the most intensively studied famines. Although food production did fall slightly in compared with previous years, it was still 13 percent higher than inwhen there was no famine.

One phenomenon that did distinguish the year was inflationa common consequence of war. Yet, amid rising commodity prices, the wages paid to agricultural labourers stagnated. Between andfood grain prices rose by more than percent, slightly outstripping the rate of inflation, whereas the wages of agricultural labourers rose by only 30 percent.

Agricultural labourers, as a class, were badly hit, which resulted in many deaths. Yet, even as rural Bengal was being ravaged by famine, the West Bengal capital cityCalcutta now Kolkatawas hardly affected.

Research has shown that famine-related deaths in Calcutta occurred primarily among migrants who had come from the villages in search of food and alms. The role of policy Many factors can contribute to entitlement failure.

For example, slight imbalances in production can lead to large increases or declines in price. But government policies can also cause entitlement failures. If the shortage had been shared out across the country, there would have been little hardship.Ethiopia, one of the universe & # ; s larger states, has long been pestilences with the torture of poorness, illiteracy, hungriness and disease.

Famine, a decrease in mundane nutrient supply, is a widespread job that can strike in any corner of the underdeveloped universe. Famine, war, and devastation appear to hold ever been an built-in piece of human history, at last since the beginning of significant human population growing.

Its being in Ethiopia has led to & # ; s of decease, particularly in adult females and kids under the age of 5 & # ;. Additionally, there was a large potato famine that wiped out most of the economy which was so heavily based on agriculture, leaving the country poor and starving.

Additionally, Ethiopia suffers from a horrible drought season where the water, which is not plentiful to begin with, comes to be nothing. In the future things like this can be prevented/5(2). The Thesis Statement What is a Thesis Statement?

A statement, which appears in the introduction, and tells what an essay is about (its subject) and what the writer’s viewpoint on that subject is. UPDATE: Drought and Famine in Ethiopia.

March 10, — Operation USA has a unique history in timberdesignmag.com the east African famine of we flew the very first cargo jet ever to land at Addis Ababa’s airport, thereby doubling its capacity to receive emergency aid. During recent famines in Ethiopia, in another example of the workings of the marketplace, foreign food aid begins trucked to famine areas from ships at the docks passed food leaving the famine .

The Root Cause of Famine: A Review of Ethiopian Modernization