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Constitutional framework The House of Representatives shares equal responsibility for lawmaking with the U. As conceived by the framers of the Constitution, the House was to represent the popular will, and its members were to be directly elected by the people.
In contrast, members of the Senate were appointed by the states until the ratification of the Seventeenth Amendmentwhich mandated the direct election of senators.
Each state is guaranteed at least one member of the House of Representatives. The allocation of seats is based on the population within the states, and membership is reapportioned every 10 years, following the decennial census. House members are elected for two-year terms from single-member districts of approximately equal population.
The constitutional requirements for eligibility for membership of the House of Representatives are a minimum age of 25 years, U.
The number rose following the ratification of the Constitution by North Carolina and Rhode Island in ; the first Congress —91 adjourned with 65 representatives. By membership had reached House of representatives essay Two additional representatives were added temporarily after the admission of Alaska and Hawaii as states inbut at the next legislative apportionmentmembership returned tothe number authorized by a law enacted in Powers The Constitution vests certain exclusive powers in the House of Representatives, including the right to initiate impeachment proceedings and to originate revenue bills.
The organization and character of the House of Representatives have evolved under the influence of political partieswhich provide a means of controlling proceedings and mobilizing the necessary majorities.
Party leaders, such as the speaker of the House and the majority and minority leaders, play a central role in the operations of the institution. However, party discipline i. A further dominating element of House organization is the committee systemunder which the membership is divided into specialized groups for purposes such as holding hearings, preparing bills for the consideration of the entire House, and regulating House procedure.
Each committee is chaired by a member of the majority party. There are approximately 20 standing permanent committees, organized mainly around major policy areas, each having staffs, budgets, and subcommittees. They may hold hearings on questions of public interest, propose legislation that has not been formally introduced as a bill or resolution, and conduct investigations.
Among important standing committees are those on appropriations, on ways and means which handles matters related to financeand on rules. There are also select and special committees, which are usually appointed for a specific project and for a limited period.
The committees also play an important role in the control exercised by Congress over governmental agencies. Cabinet officers and other officials are frequently summoned before the committees to explain policy. The Constitution Article I, section 6 prohibits members of Congress from holding offices in the executive branch of government—a chief distinction between parliamentary and congressional forms of government.
After the census ofNortheastern and Midwestern states held House seats and the South and West held Thereafter, the balance between the two regions gradually shifted: Most notably, the number of representatives from New York declined from 45 in the s to only 27 inwhile the number from California increased from 11 to The speaker of the House of Representatives The most significant role in the House of Representatives is that of speaker of the House.
This individual, who is chosen by the majority party, presides over debate, appoints members of select and conference committees, and performs other important duties; speakers are second in the line of presidential succession following the vice president.
Bush delivering the State of the Union address inapplauded by the second in command, Vice Pres. Pelosi became the first female speaker of the House in Speakers of the United States House of Representatives no.Testimony at the U.S. House of Representatives Joint Hearing “Understanding the Role of Connected Devices in Recent Cyber Attacks” U.S.
House of Representatives Committee on Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Communications and Technology, and the essays, and academic papers. I teach at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government. I. Free Essay: The Role of the Senate and House of Representatives The Congress of the United States consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives.
The Maine House of Representatives was one of 22 state legislative battleground chambers identified by Ballotpedia in the elections. Read more below.
Maine state representatives serve two-year terms, with all seats up for election every two years. The U.S. House of Representatives does not provide a listing of public e-mail addresses for the elected Representatives. If you are having problems contacting your representative, you can report the problem using the Contact Webmaster form, write or call your elected representative.
Who was the speaker of the House of Representatives during the second term of Barack Obama For this paper, you will be running for office.
Choose whether you would like to run for the Texas House of Representatives OR the Texas State Senate.
Thomas A. Daschle Papers.
U.S. House of Representatives papers Finding Aid South Dakota State University Archives and Special Collections Briggs Library (SBL) Room Box North Campus Drive Brookings, SD Phone: Email: [email protected] Collection Summary Identifier DA 1 Title Thomas A.