Its force contributed to the unification of many nations such as Germany and Italy. Nationalism can also turn people against their old government like the Russians and cripple nations such as the Ottoman and the Austro-Hungarian empires.
Western European countries such as Britain, France, Belgium and Italy were all trying to impose their imperialistic thoughts on other countries. Funk and Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia defines Imperialism as the practice by which powerful nations or peoples seek to extend and maintain control or influence over weaker nations… power and influence is extended informally, mainly through diplomatic and economic means, rather than formally through direct colonial rule.
Besides the political and economic point of view, the process of imperialism cannot be defined without the cultural concepts such as imposing religion, traditions and or language of a nation.
The three main goals for European imperialists were social, economic and political gain. Social motives focused on morals or ideologies. Britain believed that they were superior over all others and all countries were in need of British rule. The most common motive for imperialism was economic. This was all about acquiring more raw materials, cheaper labour, finding markets for their surplus goods and to expand their own economy.
An example of this would be the British setting up East India Companies along the coast of India to trade materials such as cotton, silk and tea. And lastly some governments just wanted more power. By expanding, governments gained prestige, security and diplomatic advantages.
In order to attain these goals governments started to implement policies to promote Nationalism. Britannica Nationalism was promoted for the same reasons by all European governments. Firstly, in order to venture out to imperialize other countries, all citizens in their own country must have the same thoughts and goals and secondly once imperialists exerted their control on another country, they wanted to be able to impose their nationalistic thoughts on them as well.
Western Europe was in a good place in the last quarter of the nineteenth century.
Crime was low, advances in transportation were taking place and international trade was flourishing, however this was also the time of mass democracy, unionization, and urbanization. There were groups of people who questioned the authority of the current government and the lack of power and say they had.
Several means were used by the government to create national pride and loyalty, first compulsory education for primary school was introduced. In school students were taught the basics of reading and writing, but they were also taught their duty to their country.
Secondly, national symbolism became prominent. National anthems were developed, holidays were introduced and national flags were flown from public buildings. Cities became monuments of national pride.Sociological theory developed in nineteenth-century Europe Name Course Instructor Date Social forces have had a profound impact on sociological theory over time, including political forces, economic systems, feminism, urbanization and religious change (Ritzer, ).
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For example, self-determination, and the desire to be independent and dominant, fueled the Ottoman Empire. However, this longing proved destructive and led to the Ottoman Empire’s collapse in , because of nationalist revolts.
Video: Nationalism Grows in Europe: Timeline, Events & Impact In this lesson, we will study the growth of nationalism that took place during the French Revolution and the Napoleonic age.
1. This thematic essay has a minimum of five components connects the impact of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Era to the growth of nationalism, following the unification of Germany in the 19th century • Is more analytical than descriptive (nationalism arose when certain individuals felt Germany would.