Natural law vs utilitarianism

The full pdf can be viewed by clicking here. Ethics Theories- Utilitarianism Vs. Deontological Ethics There are two major ethics theories that attempt to specify and justify moral rules and principles: Utilitarianism also called consequentialism is a moral theory developed and refined in the modern world in the writings of Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill

Natural law vs utilitarianism

News Mon Jul 19, - Tue, May 4, at 9: Since there is a question on the final exam about utilitarianism see the review sheetI thought I would help with an example.

Natural law vs utilitarianism

I realized after my lectures on moral theory that even though I talked about the substance of utilitarianism, I did not identify it as such and so you may not have been able to see it.

It turns out that our discussion of homosexuality brings up the issue of utilitarianism. In class, our discussion of the morality of homosexual acts was very incomplete because any moral issue about which people disagree ALWAYS raises a more fundamental issue about criteria.

In other words, by what criteria should we judge whether a given act is right or wrong? Before looking at the issue of criteria, however, we have to remind ourselves of the ever-present tendency in all of us to judge morality by emotion.

The most frequent reason I hear people supporting same-sex marriage is that they know some gay couples or individuals.

Empathy is a noble human quality but right or wrong does not depend on who is doing the action or on how I feel about those people, just as judging an action wrong should not depend on disliking someone. This might seem obvious to a right thinking person but I have encountered many well-educated people who do not or cannot?

I encourage you to read the final essay editorial I sent earlier to reflect on this. In short, to judge an action wrong is not to condemn a person. So, then, by what criterion should we judge whether sexual acts are right or wrong?

This is where utilitarianism comes in. Utilitarianism in the popular sense is fundamentally a moral theory that judges right or wrong by its practical outcomes. Similarly, a man who is trying to decide whether he should cheat on his wife, if he is a utilitarian, will weigh the various consequences.

If the faithful side is better, he will refrain from cheating. But there are at least two problems.

One is that to judge the best outcome can be very subjective. What may be judged good for the pregnant woman may not be good for the baby. What may be judged good for the about-to-cheat-husband may not good for his wife or his children. This problem of subjectivity is inherent in utilitarianism for a second reason.Must-Reads.

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Print Reference this Natural law or the law of nature is a theory that posits the existence of a law whose content is set by nature and that therefore has validity everywhere.

and interrupting the natural result of procreation. Utilitarianism states that abortion. Natural Law and Utilitarianism. Revision set. STUDY. PLAY. The Hedonic Calculus is used in Act Utilitarianism to measure how good or bad an act is. Natural Law is what we as humans sense to be good an righteous, it directs our conscience guides our human reason.

Human Law. Natural Moral Law on Homosexuality Dr. Kenneth Howell Email: Utilitarianism v. Natural Moral Law on Homosexuality News By timberdesignmag.com Natural Law vs Utilitarianism - Download as Word Doc .doc), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online.

Essay on the concepts of Natural Law and Utilitaranism. According to some, Aquinas conflates natural law and natural right, the latter of which Aristotle posits in Book V of the Nicomachean Ethics Besides utilitarianism and Kantianism, natural law jurisprudence has in common with virtue ethics that it is a live option for a first principles ethics theory in analytic philosophy.

Project MUSE - The Relation of Utilitarianism to Natural Law Theory