Dalloway and Stephen Dedalus. Below are 10 writers whose works — ranked amongst the finest in English literature — feature the stream of consciousness technique. Okay, but what is Stream of Consciousness? Basically, its purpose is to emulate the passage of thought through your mind without any inhibitors.
Chinese Culture University Taipei, Taiwan Introduction Playing chess requires precision, mistakes are obviously penalized, and you have to know what your strategy is, otherwise you will lose the game.
However, using these skills when facing a blank page can be quite counterproductive, creating frustration, disappointment, and even resentment among students when they attempt to write fluently.
Freewriting can help students overcome the sense of block. Jacobs outlines the nature of freewriting as having three important aspects "concentrating on content, not worrying about form, and writing without stopping" Jacobs, As such, freewriting offers a student-centered activity that can benefit writing class students significantly by helping ease their expectations of themselves and their writing while at the same time increasing their sense of motivation to write in English.
This article outlines the basic method for freewriting, introduces variations, and details practical ways to make the best of freewriting. This type of exercise encourages students to overcome their reticence in writing by providing both the opportunities and stimulation to write.
Freewriting is an opportunity for students to write freely for a brief period in each class, usually 10 minutes or thereabouts.
This offers students a rewarding experience of writing because it can avoid the inhibitions which normally influence writing, inhibitions that have developed since first grade of elementary school, i. ESL students especially can benefit as their level of competency develops.
To be successful, though, freewriting, while free for the students, still requires the teacher to be organized, disciplined and methodical.
Method At the beginning of each class, allocate about minutes for the whole freewriting exercise. The basic process can be broken down into four steps. Preparing for writing Students must prepare a piece of paper, or a notebook, and a pen. Freewriting is usually best done as the first activity in class because other activities, anxiety over assignments, and classroom stress may all interrupt or even hinder the creative process.
Freewriting needs space, time and a certain degree of freedom from anxiety. Setting up the task Jacobs advises nine basic criteria for freewriting in an ESL environment while Elbow describes clearly and simply the philosophy of freewriting in Writing Without Teachers: Don't stop for anything.
Go quickly without rushing. Never stop to look back, to cross something out, to wonder how to spell something, to wonder what word or thought to use, or to think about what you are doing.
If you can't think of a spelling, just use a squiggle or else write, 'I can't think of it. The easiest thing is just to put down whatever is in your mind. If you get stuck it's fine to write 'I can't think of anything to say, I can't think of anything to say' as many times as you want; or repeat the last word you wrote over and over again; or anything else.
The only requirement is that you never stop. Freewriting Initially the teacher may provide an example of what to do themselves by sitting in front of the class and doing the same task. However, the other role as facilitator of freewriting is also important.
Ensuring that students aren't correcting, changing what they wrote, consulting their dictionary, or one of the hundred and one other activities that distract or interrupt students writing.
Moreover, merely acting as an encourager can also provide students with the necessary reminder to remain focused on the task at hand. This is not a test, but it does require concentration.
An involved teacher can play an important role, here. Post-writing Warning them that the time is up about 2 minutes before the end helps to round up the class activity. Students write their name at the top and may be asked to note the number of words in that particular freewriting.
The teacher can collect paper or notebooks for later reading although no explicit correction or grading should be carried out on the papers.
Freewriting like this may form an important element of a portfolio of writing. Follow-up Suggestions If this is the first time for freewriting, a survey or short discussion afterwards may provide the teacher with extra opportunities to explain any aspects that are still unclear, deal with reactions to the exercise, and handle any difficulties that arose.
In general, freewriting needs to be done regularly throughout the semester to foster more involvement from the students. Elbow reckons three times a week as the minimum 3. However, most class schedules are less frequent than that. Students can be encouraged to write more frequently in their own time, perhaps even keeping a journal.
Increased frequency of writing should at the very least resolve most of the difficulties in the early stages. Outstanding problems, however, may persist. Dealing with Problems Five different kinds of writers suffer problems during freewriting.
Identifying the symptoms will help you spot those having difficulty with the task and allow you to provide an appropriate solution for them. The reluctant writer Symptom: This writer stops repeatedly, writes briefly, and is always looking around.B.
Free writing is polished writing that reflects an author’s best work while stream of consciousness is random words strung together. C. Stream of consciousness is a highly stylized form even though it appears random, while free writing is an author’s first draft of writing that doesn’t attempt to be polished.
There are two options of obtaining samples for this activity: as a class, walk to a stream to collect a sample or have just one adult get the stream sample in advance. (Note: A 1-liter sample of stream, creek, or pond water for each student group should be acquired).
The objective is to understand the concept of stream of consciousness writing – e.g. James Joyce, Virginia Woolf - and also, to understand how the technique helps in relating a convincing, cohesive personal narrative.
• Prewriting is the first step in the writing process. This is when students get their ideas out of their heads and onto paper. Stream-of-consciousness writing and journaling are two ways to brainstorm as much as possible.
After your student has brainstormed ideas, the organizers Clustering is a nonlinear activity that generates ideas.
Explain the difference between direct characterization in the first passage and the indirect characterization that is a part of the stream of consciousness approach of the second passage.
Project the video Stream of Consciousness in Literature: Definition & Examples. By the end of the lesson, students will evaluate how an author uses stream of consciousness and shifts from scene to scene extending the meaning and significance of a motif.
This is a College- and Career-Ready Standards showcase lesson plan.